States and capitals of india 2020 Updated | How many states and union territories are there in India in 2020? | What are the 28 states and 8 union territories of India? |  29 states of india and their capitals and languages | Eduassams.com

 




 State and Union Territories



In August 2019, amid much controversy, the government of India significantly changed the administrative status of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir through the hard-hitting and broadly-reaching Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act. The key reforms included the separation of the region of Ladakh and making it a separate “union territory” (UT).

 

Since 26th January 2020, India has 8 union territories. The U.T Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have become a single union territory. On August 5, the central government had also announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. With the merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of UT's have come down to eight.


At Present India has 8 Union Territories and 28 States. The erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir has been bifurcated into two Union Territories (UT) of J&K and Ladakh. The newly formed union territories have been formed under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020. At present India has 8 Union Territories..

 

The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions. India is seventh largest country in the world and also the second populous. It lies in southern Asia. It is officially known as the Republic of India. It is governed by a parliamentary form of government. It gets very difficult to manage the large country from one place.



 

States and Capitals of India


Sl.No.

States Name

Capital

1

Andhra Pradesh

Hyderabad

2

Arunachal Pradesh

Itanagar

3

Assam

Dispur

4

Bihar

Patna

5

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

6

Goa

Panaji

7

Gujarat

Gandhinagar

8

Haryana

Chandigarh

9

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

10

Jharkhand

Ranchi

11

Karnataka

Bangalore

12

Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

13

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

14

Maharashtra

Mumbai

15

Manipur

Imphal

16

Meghalaya

Shillong

17

Mizoram

Aizawl

18

Nagaland

Kohima

19

Odisha

Bhubaneswar

20

Punjab

Chandigarh

21

Rajasthan

Jaipur

22

Sikkim

Gangtok

23

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

24

Telangana

Hyderabad

25

Tripura

Agartala

26

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

27

Uttarakhand

Dehradun

28

West Bengal

Kolkata

 

 

 

   

Union Territories and Capitals


Sl. No.

Union Territories Names

Capital

Founded on

1

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Port Blair

1 Nov. 1956

2

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

1 Nov. 1966

3

Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu

Daman

26 Jan. 2020

4

Delhi

New Delhi

9 May. 1905

5

Jammu and Kashmir

Srinagar(Summer) Jammu(Winter)

31 Oct 2019

6

Lakshadweep

Kavaratti

1 Nov. 1956

7

Puducherry

Pondicherry

1 Nov. 1954

8

Ladakh

Leh

31 Oct 2019

 

 

 


 

Andhra Pradesh


Area

2,75,069 sq km.

Capital

Hyderabad

 

Principal Language

Telugu and Urdu.

 



HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY


The earliest mention of the Andhra Pradesh is said to be in Aitereya Brahmana (2000 BC). It indicates that the Andhras, originally an Aryan race living in north India migrated to south of the Vindhyas and later mixed with non-Aryans. Regular history of Andhra Desa, according to historians, begins with 236 BC, the year of Ashoka’s death. During the following centuries, Satavahanas, Sakas, Ikshvakus, Eastern Chalukyas, and Kakatiyas ruled the Telugu country. Other dynasties that ruled over the area in succession were the kingdoms of Vijayanagar and Qutub Sahi followed by Mir Qumruddin and his successors, known as the Nizams. Gradually, from the 17th century onwards, the British annexed territories of the Nizam and constituted the single province of Madras. After Independence, Telugu-speaking areas were separated from the composite Madras Presidency and a new Andhra State came into being on 1st October 1953. With the passing of the States Reorganization Act, 1956, there was a merger of Hyderabad State and Andhra State, and consequently Andhra Pradesh came into being on 1st November 1956.


Andhra Pradesh is historically called the Rice Bowl of India. The State has a large river system which supplements the rainfall in the state. It is one of the few states in the country blessed with reverie geography.


Andhra Pradesh is bounded on the north by Orissa and Chhattisgarh, on the west by Maharashtra and Karnataka, on the south by Tamil Nadu and on the east by the Bay of Bengal with a coastline of 974 km.

 


AGRICULTURE


Agriculture is the main occupation of about 62 per cent of the people in Andhra Pradesh. Rice is a major food crop and staple food of the State contributing about 77 per cent of the food grain production. Other important crops are jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, small millets, pulses, castor, tobacco, cotton and sugarcane. Forests cover 23 per cent of the State’s area. Important forest products are teak, eucalyptus, cashew, casurina, bamboo, softwood, etc.


The Government is working with a mission of “sustainable Agriculture Production with minimum cost of cultivation, eventually enhancing the return on income to the farmer.

 


POWER


Important power projects in the State are: the Nagarjunasagar and Neelam sanjiva Reddy Sagar (Srisailam Hydel Project), upper Sileru, Lower Sileru, Tungabhadra Hydel projects and Nellore, Ramagundam, Kothagudem, Vijayawada and Muddanur thermal power projects. The Srisailam Hydro Electric project with an installed capacity of 770 MW and the Srisailam left Bank HES capacity of 900 MW and the Nagarjunasagar complex with 960 MW are the principal sources of hydel generation.

 



MINES AND GEOLOGY


Andhra Pradesh is well known globally for its variety of rocks and minerals and is called Ratna Garbha. Andhra Pradesh has the largest deposits of quality chrysolite asbestos in the country. Other important minerals found in the state are copper ore, manganese, mica, coal and limestone. The Singareni Coal Mines Supply coal to the entire south India. The mineral consumption is increasing due to promotion of various industries and manufacture of mineral based products. The state produces about 100 to 110 million tones of industrial minerals and 200 million cubic metros of stone and building material.




HOUSING   


The Government has introduced an innovative, unique, self financed housing scheme “Rajiv Swagruha” for the moderate income group in the state with an objective that every person with moderate income in the state having no house of his/her own must have a house at affordable cost in the urban/municipal areas in the state. The houses/flats have to be made available to them at prices 25% less than the existing market rates on similar specifications.

 



INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY



Andhra Pradesh has been forging ahead in the sphere of Information Technology. It is ahead of other states in exploiting the opportunities to the hilt. The State Government has introduced many schemes to utilize the maximum number of skilled human resources in the I.T. sector.

 

 


TRANSPORT


Roads: The total R&B road network in the State is 69,051 km as on 31 March 2009, of which, the National Highways passing through Andhra Pradesh constitute 4,472 km., the State Highways constitute 10,519 k.ms. Major District Roads constitute 32,170 km and rural roads 21,714 k.ms.


Railways: Of the railways route covering 5,107 km in Andhra Pradesh, 4,633 km is broad-gauge, 437 km is meter-gauge and 37 km is narrow gauge.


Aviation: Important airports in the State are located at Shamshabad, Tirupathi and Visakhapatnam. International flights are operated from Shamshabad.


Ports: There is one major Port at Visakhapatnam under Government of India and 13 Non-major Ports under State Government. Ports offer tremendous potential for development and for the growth of a wide spectrum of maritime activities such as international shipping, coastal, shipping, ship repairs, fishing, captive ports for specific industries, all weather ports, tourism and sports etc.



TOURIST CENTERS


Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation continues to strive for promotion of new tourism products such as Eco-tourism, Beach-Tourism and Cruise Tourism.

Charminar, Salarjung Museum, Golconda Fort in Hyderabad, Thousand Pillar Temple and fort in Warangal, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Yadagirigutta, Buddha Stupa at Nagarjunakonda, Nagarjuna Sagar, Sri Venkateswara Temple at Tirumala-Tirupathi, sri mallikarjunaswamy Temple at Srisailam are the major tourist attractions in Andhra Pradesh.

 

 



Arunachal Pradesh

 

 

Area

83,743 sq km

Capital

Itanagar

Major Tribes

Monpa, Miji, Aka, Sherdukpen, Nyishi, Apatani, Tagin, Hill Miri, Adi, Digaru Mismi, Idu-Mishmi, Khamti, Miju Mishmi, Nocte.



History and Geography

 

Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledge State on 20 February 1987. Till 1972, it was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). It gained the Union Territory status on 20th January 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh.


On 15th August 1975 an elected Legislative Assembly was constituted and the first Council of Ministers assumed office. The first general election to the Assembly was held in February 1978.


Administratively, the State is divided into sixteen districts. Capital of the State is Itanagar in Papum Para district. Itanagar is named after Ita fort meaning fort of bricks, build in 14th century AD.


Arunachal Pradesh finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharata. This place is the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas.


It was here that sage Parashuram atoned for his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bismaka founded his Kingdom and Lord Krishna married his Consort Rukmini.

 



AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE


Agriculture is the mainstay of the people of Arunachal Pradesh and mainly depends on jhum cultivation. Encouragement is being given to the cultivation of cash crops like potatoes and horticulture crops like apples, oranges and pineapples.

 



INDUSTRIES AND MINERALS


For conservation and exploration of the vast minerals the Arunachal Pradesh Mineral Development and Trading Corporation Limited (APMDTCL) was set up in 1991. Namchik-Namphuk coal fields are taken up by APMDTCL. To provide training to craftsmen in different trades there are two Industrial training Institutions at Roing and Deporijo.

 



FESTIVALS


Some of the important festivals of the State are: Mopin and S olung of the Adis, Lossar of the Monpas, Boori-boot of the Hill Miris, Sherdukpens, Dree of the Apatanis, Si-sacrifice is a common ritual in most festivals.



TOURIST CENTRES

 

Places of tourist interest are: Tawang, Dirang, Bomdila, tipi, Itanagar Malinithan, Likabali, Pasighat, Along, Tezu, Miao, Roing, Daporijo Namdapha, Bhismaknagar, Parashuram Kund and Khonsa.

  




 

 Assam

 

Area

78,438 sq km

Capital

Dispur

Principal Language

Assamese

 

 

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

 

The word Assam as interpreted by some scholars is derived from the Sanskrit word Asoma meaning peerless or unparalleled. But the widely accepted opinion of the academic circles today is that the term has come from the original name of the Ahoms, who ruled the land for about six hundred years prior to its annexation by the British. The races like Austric, Mongolian, Dravidian and Aryan that came to this land long-long ago have contributed to its composite culture. Thus Assam has a rich legacy of culture and civilization.

 

 

For More details click here       👉 All About Assam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bihar


 

Area

94,163 sq km

Capital

Patna

Principal Language

Hindi

 

 


HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY


Bihar finds mention in the Vedas, Puranas, epics, etc., and was the main scene of activities of Buddha and the 24 Jain Tirthankars. Great rulers of the State before the Christian era were Bimbisar, Udayin, who founded the city of Pataliputra, Chandragupta Maurya and Emperor Ashoka of Maurya dynasty, the Sungs and the Kanvas. Then came the Kushan rulers followed by Chandragupta Vikramaditya of the Gupta dynasty. Muslim rulers made inroads into the territory during the medieval period. The first conqueror of Bihar was Mohammed-bin-Bakhtiar Khaliji. The Tughluqs and then the Mughals followed the Khaljis.

 

One of the major states of the Indian Union, Bihar is bounded on the north by Nepal, on the east by West Bengal, on the west by Uttar Pradesh and on the south by Jharkhand. Bihar has a number of rivers, the most important of which is the Ganga. The other rivers are the Sone, Poonpoon, Falgu, Karmanasa, Durgawati, Kosi, Gandak, Ghanghara, etc.

 



AGRICULTURE


Bihar has a total geographical area of about 93.60 lakh hectare, out of which only 55.54 lakh hectare is the net cultivated area with a gross cultivated area of 76.71 lakh hectare during 2008-09. The principal food crops are paddy, wheat, maize and pulses. Main cash crops are sugarcane, potato, tobacco, oilseeds, onion, chillies, jute and mesta.

 

 



CHHATTISGARH

 

Area

1,37,898.36 sq km

Capital

Raipur

Principal Language

Hindi

 

 


HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

 

Chhattisgarh, carved out of Madhya Pradesh came into being on 1 November 2000 as the 26th State of the Union. It fulfills the long-cherished demand of the people. In ancient times the region was known as Dakshin-Kausal. This finds mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata also. Between the sixth and twelfth centuries Sarabhpurias, Panduavanshi, Somvanshi, Kalchuri and Nagvanshi rulers dominated this region. Kalchuris ruled in Chhattisgarh from 980 to 1791 AD. With the advent of the British in 1845, Raipur gained prominence instead of capital Ratanpur. In 1904 Sambalpur was transferred to Orissa and estates of Sarguja were transferred from Bengal to Chhattisgarh.

 

Chhattisgarh is bounded by southern Jharkhand and Orissa in the east, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh and western Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh in the south. Area Wise Chhattisgarh is the ninth largest state and population-wise it is seventeenth populous state of the nation.



AGRICULTURE


Total Geographical area of Chhattisgarh State is 137.90 lakh hectares out of which arable land is about 47.70 lakh hectare. In the state, area under Kharif crop is around 47.60 lakh and rabi crop is 16.61 lakh hectare.


In Chhattisgarh, out of 34.61 lakh farms family, 77% belongs to small and marginal farmers. Here 33% of farm families belong to Schedule Tribe and 12% belongs to Schedule Caste. The agro climate zone of Chhattisgarh is three viz. Northern Hill Zone, Chhattisgarh Plain and Plateau of Baster.


The main kharif crop of this region is paddy which is about 76% of total kharif crops. Apart from its other main crops grown here are Maize, Soybean, Groundnut, Urdbean and Pigeon Pea. Similarly main rabi crops growth here are Wheat, Gram Latyrus, Mustard and Linseed.

 


IRRIGATION AND POWER


When the state came into being, the total irrigation capacity was 13.28 lakh hectares which has 23 percent of total sown area which has now increased to 18.44 lakh hectares which is 33.15 percent of total down area.


Total 8 Major 33 Medium and 2355 Minor irrigation project have been completed till March 2012.


Major completed projects are Mahandai Reservoir project, Hasdeo Bango Project, Tandula, Kodar, Jonk D/S, Kharung, Maniyari Tank and Pairy project, Jonk project, Kharang project, Mariyani project.


The capacity of State Electricity Production Company is 1924.70 MW of which 1786 MW in thermal and 138.7 MW yodel electricity.


More than 73 MOUs signed for establishment of power plants with anticipated power production of 660000 MW.

 


MINERAL RESOURCES


Chhattisgarh has the perfect geological set up to host a number of economically crucial minerals. Large deposit of coal, iron ore, limestone, bauxite and dolomite are found in various parts of the state. Districts of North Chhattisgarh such as Surguja, Raigarh, Koriya and Bilaspur are known for huge coal deposits. The state has 50846 million tones reserve in coal as on 01-04-2012 in 12 coal fields. In 2010-2011 the state produced 113.8 million tones of coal.  

 

INDUSTRY


The economy of Chhattisgarh is largely natural resources driven and it leverages the states rich mineral resources. The key sectors where Chhattisgarh has a competitive advantage include cement, mining, steel, aluminum and power. One of the most of mineral-rich states in India, Chhattisgarh provides a lucrative opportunity for cement production at the most competitive prices. Along with vast natural resources, industries also find ample skilled human resources.



 TRANSPORT

 

ROADS: The total length of the roads in the State under PWD is 31803 km. The length of National Highway is 2226 km; State Highways 5240 km; 10,539.80 km main district roads; and 13798 km other district and rural roads. The length of roads in Chhattisgarh has increased from 17.75 km to 21.40 km per 100 km.

19,718 km of roads have been constructed under Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojona. To connect interior areas of State, not covered under PMGSY, State Government has started Mukhya Mantri Gram Sada Yojna and 4000 km of roads worth 2000 crores will be constructed within two years.


RAILWAYS: Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Rajnandgaon, raigarh and Korba are important railway station.

 


TOURIST CENTERS

Chhattisgarh situated in the heart of India, is endowed with a rich cultural heritage and attractive natural diversity. The State is full of ancient monuments, rare wildlife species, carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, water falls, caves, rock paintings and geographical formations.

 


 


GOA



Area

3,702 sq km

Capital

Panaji

Principal Language

Konkani (Official Language); other language: Marathi, Hindi, English, Kannada.

 



HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY


Goa, known in the bygone days as Gomanchala, Gopakapattam, Gopakapuri, Govapuri, Gomantak, etc., abounds in a rich historical heritage. Early history of Goa is obscure. In the first century of the Christian era, Goa was a part of the Satavahana empire, followed by the Kadamba, the Rashtrakutas of Malkhed, the Chalukyas and the Silharas. The empire of the Yadavas by the end of the 14th century was displaced by the Khiljis of Delhi and thus Muslim rule came to Goa. After the discovery of the sea route to India by Vasco-Da-Gama in 1498, many Portuguese expeditions came to India. In 1510, Alfondo de Albuquerque with the help of the emperor of Vijayanagar attacked and captured Goa. With the arrival of the Jesuit priest Francis Xavier in 1542 Proselytisation begin in Goa. However, the Portuguese continued to rule over the territory except for an interlude during the latter half of the 17th century when Shivaji conquered a few areas in and around Goa. Even after India’s independence, Goa continued to be in the hands of the Portuguese. However, they could not fulfill the aspirations of the Goan people and ultimately on 19 December 1961, Goa was liberated and made a composite union territory with Daman and Diu. On 30 May 1987 Goa was conferred statehood and Daman and was made a separate union territory. Goa is situated on the western coast of the Indian Peninsula. On its north runs the Terekhol river, which separates Goa from Maharashtra and on the south lies North Canara district of Karnataka. On the east lie the Western Ghats and in the west the Arabian Sea. Panaji, Margao, Vasco, Mapusa and Ponda are the main towns of the Goa. Goa is currently celebrating the Golden Jubilee of its liberation and 25years of attainment of full-fledged Statehood.

 


AGRICULTURE

The total cultivated area in Goa is 160320 hectares while the total production was 108333 tones. A total of 30,632 hectares area was cultivated under paddy during last Kharif season. It is proposed to take up soil testing and soil mapping of Queperm and Sattari to know the soil fertility. Budgetary provision of Agricultural department was enhanced from 17 crores four years ago to 70 crores. Several schemes have also been launched by the Government through Directorate of Agriculture to promote farming and attract youth towards this activity. Farmers can avail the benefit of up to 90% on solar power battery fencing scheme.

 


WATER RESOURCES


The Tillari Irrigation Project, an ambitious joint venture project under major and medium irrigation aimed at creating an irrigation potential of 21,056 hectares and 117.03 MCM of water for domestic and industrial use is expected to be completed in the financial year 2011-12. For better and efficient utilization of the potential so created, apart from the irrigation purpose it is proposed to supply the raw water to domestic and industrial units in the State and augment its supply to PWD. The Water Resources Department apart from supplying raw water for irrigation has also augmented raw water supply to the PDW. Assonora Water Works has been augmented with a 25 MLD raw water from Chapora river at Sal and 10 MLD from Amthane tank.



SOCIAL WELFARE

 

It is proposed to provide a insurance cover through an insurance policy scheme to be called as ‘Swaranjayanti Aarogya Bima’ to the entire resident population of the State similar on the lines of Central Government’s health insurance scheme for BPL families called as Rashtriya Bima Swasthya Yojana.

 


INDUSTRIES


All schemes under the State Industrial Policy as well as the State Biotech Policy will continue to be in force and will be popularized further. The setting up of Goa IT Knowledge Centre at Verna to provide incubation facilities in the IT sector is proposed. To provide encouragement to artisans of Goan handicrafts, it is proposed to develop Goa Haat-cum-shilpagram, new emporiums in Goa and outside Goa and develop e-portal for the sale of handicraft items across the globe.

 


ART AND CULTURE


The Government desires to give thrust on Library movement in Goa in order to make the libraries as information and knowledge centres. In the year of 2013 Goa is celebrating the birth centenary year of Bhausaheb Bandodkar, the first Chief Minister of Goa who was a man of vision. He had established many socio-cultural institutions and patronized them. Two of these include, Vivekanand Society, Panaji and Janata Vachanalaya, Mormugao. In appreciation of their contribution to the society and in honour of Bhausheb Bandodkar, it is proposed to provide a grant of 5 lakhs each. The Government intends to document all forms of folk art, folk festivals, other cultural traditions and intangible heritage of Goa State. 

 


EDUCATION


The Government has strong commitment to enhance IT literacy at school level itself, and to strengthen computer laboratories in all high and higher secondary schools in the State. The Education Department is in the process of strengthening the computer laboratories by providing an additional 10 computers, 2 printers and UPS, web camera and internet connectivity. The scheme of School Computer Laboratories shall be taken on priority for implementation as mentioned above and would replace the Cyber age Scheme from 2010-11.


Roads: Of the motor able roads, national highway constitutes 264 km, state highways 279.4 km and other roads MDR/RR/ 4501.18 km.

 

RailwaysGoa is linked with Mumbai, Mangalore, and Thiruvananthapuram through the Konkan Railway, which has introduced several fast trains on these lines. Vasco da Gama is connected with Bengaluru and Belgaum on the South Central Railway, presently for goods traffic only.

 

Aviation: Mumbai, Delhi, thiruvananthapuram, Cochin, Chennai, Agati and Bengaluru are linked with Dabolim through regular Airlines service.

 

Ports: Mormugao is the major port in the State. Mormugao handles cargo vessels. Minor ports are located at Panaji, Tiracol, Chapora Betul and Talpona, out of which Panaji is the main operative port.

 


TOURIST CENTRES

 

Important tourist centres are Colva, Calangute, vagator, Baga, harmal, Anjuna and Miramar beaches; Basilica of Bom Jesus and St. Cathedral Churches at Old Goa; Kavlem, Mardol, Mangeshi, Bandora temples; Aguada, Terekhol, Chapora and Cabo de Rama Forts; Dudhsagar and Harvalem waterfalls and mayem lake resort. The state has rich wildlife sanctuaries, viz., Bondla, Cotigao, Molem and Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary at Chorao covering an area of 354 sq km.

 



 

GUJARAT




Area

1,96,024 sq km

Capital

Gandhinagar

Principal Language

Gujarati

 

 


HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY


The history of Gujarat goes back to 2000 BC. It is believed that Lord Krishna left Mathura to settle on the west coast of Saurashtra which later came to be known as Dwaraka, the gateway. Later it saw various kingdoms: Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas and others. It was during the rule of Chalukyas that Gujarat witnessed progress and prosperity. In spite of the plundering of Mahmud Ghazani, the Chalukyan kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well being of the State. After the glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British rule. Before Independence, the present territories of Gujarat used to be in two parts-the British and the Princely territories. With the re-organisation of the States, the Union of the States of Saurshtra and the Union Territory of Kachchh along with the former British Gujarat, became a part of the biggest bilingual State of Bombay. The present State of Gujarat came into being on 1 May 1960. It is situated on the west coast of India. The state is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and north-east respectively, Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Maharashtra in the south.

 


AGRICULTURE

 

State Government has adopted a pro-farmer approach to achieve long term growth. The Government is giving high priority to water conservation and water management activities in order to provide rain water to the arid areas of the state. ‘Krishi Mahotsav’ is being organised every year to make aware the farmers with modern technologies and methods of scientific farming.

Soil health care has been given to about 20.42 lakh farmers while the Kisan Creadit Card has been given to more than 24 lakh farmers so far. Gujarat is standing top in the country with the 100% success in providing biometric cards to the fishermen with a view to make them identifiable.

 

INDUSTRY

 

In the golden jubilee year 2010-11 of the state, the state government organised ‘Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors’ Summit which was truly matchless in the financial history of our nation. The summit attracted investors from across the world. As many as 8,380 MoUs were signed which is expected to fetch an investment of around 20.83 lakh crore. This will also translate into a job opportunity for lakhs of youths of the state, which is going to prove as a distinctive achievement of the state.

 


IRRIGATION AND POWER

The total irrigation potential through surface water as well as ground water has been assessed at 64.88 lakh hectare including 17.92 lakh hectare through Sardar Sarovar (Narmada) Project.

 


TRANSPORT


Roads: Road network is playing crucial role in the development of the state. As a novel approach, the state government has involved private sector in the building of a sound road network. With a view to meet the needs of increasing population, BRTS facility has been started in the state’s mega city Ahmadabad for speedy commuting.


Aviation: At present, the state has got 20 airports in all. Gujarat Government is in the process of getting 11 new airports for the pilgrim places of the state which will connect all the major pilgrim places like Pallitana, Dwarka, Ambaji and others on the air-route.


The main airport of Gujarat at Ahmadabad is connected with Mumbai, Delhi, and other cities by daily services. Ahmadabad airport has now got up the status of an International Airport.


Ports: During the last decade, Gujarat has acquired a status of an important maritime state of the country. Nearly 80% of the total traffic on the non-major ports and about 25% of the total traffic on all the ports of India is being recorded on the ports of Gujarat, which is a matter of pride for the state.

 

 

 

FESTIVALS


Tarnetar fair is held at village Tarnetar in the honour of Lord Shiva on the 4th, 5th and 6th days of the bright half of the month of Bhadrapada (August/September). Madhavrai fair at Madhavpur near Porbandar is held to celebrate the marriage by elopement of Lord Krishna and Rukmani, on the ninth day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra (March/April). The biggest annual fair and Janmashtami the birthday of Lord Krishna is celebrated at Dwarka and Dakor with great enthusiasm. Other festivals are Makar-Sankranti, Navratri, Dangi Darbar, Shamlaji fair and Bhavnath fair.

 


TOURIST CENTRES


Religious centres like Dwarka, Somnath, Palitana, Pavagadh, Ambaji, Bhadreshwar, Shamlaji, Taranga and Girnar; Porbandar the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi; places of memorable monuments of architectural and archaeological wonders like Patan, Siddhpur, Ghurnil, Dabhoi, Vadnagar, Modhera, Lothal and Ahmedabad; Beaches like Ahmadpur-Mandvi, Chorvad, Ubharat and thital; the Hill station-saputara; Lion sanctuary of Gir forest and wild life sanctuary in Katchchh area are major tourist attractions in the state.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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