The State government, by notification, may declare any local area comprising a revenue village or a group of revenue villages or a forest village or a tea garden area or hamlets forming part of revenue village other such administrative unit or part thereof to be a Gaon Panchayat

  The population must be not less than six thousand and not more than ten thousand. The government may include or exclude any local area from a village.

Composition :


    The Gaon Panchayat shall consist of ten members directly elected by the voters. In every Gaon Panchayat, seats shall be reserved for SC/ST must bear the same proportions as they constitute to the total population of the Gaon Panchayat area. 

   The Act also held that, not less one-third of the total number of seats to be filled up by direct election in every Gaon Panchayat, shall be reserved for woman. 

    Such seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in the Gaon Panchayat. 

Staff of Gaon Panchayat

 The Director of Panchayat and Rural Development appoints a secretary and other staffs for Gaon Panchayat

   Secretary is the in-charge of the office of the Gaon Panchayat. He acts under the control of the president in all matters. 

Duration : 

   The Gaon Panchayat is elected for the term of five years. This term shall not be extended. 

   If it is dissolved before the completion of the five years term, new Gaon Panchayat will have be elected within six months of the dissolution of the earlier Gaon Panchayat.

 President and Vice-president : 

    The President of the Gaon Panchayat shall be elected directly by the voters of the territorial constituency of Gaon Panchayat

   After the formation of Gaon Panchayat, the Deputy Commissioner (D.C) or any officer authorised by the Deputy Commissioner convenes a meeting of Gaon Panchayat to elect the Vice-President among the members. 

  If there is any conflict regarding the election of Vice-President, Deputy Commissioner will solve that conflict. The president and Vice-President are elected for five years. 

   One-third officers of President and Vice-President shall be reserved for the SC/ST and woman.

   The President is responsible for covering the meetings of Gaon Sabha, the meeting of Gaon Panchayat. He will preside over the meetings. He is responsible for executive and financial administration of Gaon Panchayat

 He will exercise control over the functioning of staffs, officers of Gaon Panchayat and over the transaction of business. In the absence of President, Vice-President performs these functions.

   If no-Confidence motion is passed against the President or Vice-President by the two-third of the total number of the members of Gaon Panchayat, President or Vice-President will have to vacate his office.

Members of Gaon Panchayat may resign from their posts in writing under his hand addressed to the President of Gaon Panchayat

  The meeting of Gaon Panchayat shall be convened once in two months. A special meeting may be convened by President upon the written request of not less than one-third of the total number of members and on a date within fifteen days from the receipt of such request. 

 If any government officer who has jurisdiction over Gaon Panchayat attains the meeting, he is not entitled to vote. The quorum for a meeting of the Gaon Panchayat, shall be one-third of the total numbers. 

    All questions, except specially mentioned cases, shall be decided by a majority of votes of the members present.   

Functions : 

    According to the Act, the Gaon Panchayats shall perform following functions :-

1.General Functions :

 Preparation of annual plans for the development of the Gaon Panchayat are; preparation of annual budget; mobilisation of relief in natural calamities; removal of encroachments of public properties; organising voluntary labours and contribution for community works; maintenance of essential statistics of villages. 

2.Drinking Water

  Construction, repair and maintenance of drinking water wells, tanks, ponds and tube-wells; prevention and control of water pollution; maintenance of rural water supply scheme.

3.Rural Housing : 

  Distribution of house sites within its jurisdiction; maintenance of record, relating to house-site and other privet or public property. 

4.Social and Farm Forestry or Minor Forest Produce, Fuel and Fodder : 

    Planting and preservation of trees on the sides of roads; plantation of firewood trees and fodder development.

5.Agriculture with agriculture extension : 

  Identification and implementation of various agricultural schemes; development of wastelands; development and maintenance of village grazing land and preventing their unauthorised alteration and use.

6.Cultural Activities : 

  Promotion of social and cultural activities; regulation of fairs including cattle fairs and festivals.

7.Rural Electrification : 

   Identification of locality for distributed of electricity; to provide and to maintain lighting of public streets and other places.

8.Rural Sanitation : 

  Maintenance of general sanitation, cremation and burial grounds; cleaning of public roads, drains, tanks, ponds, wells and other public places, construction and maintenance of public latrines; management and control of washing and bathing ghats etc.

9.Education including primary school : 

 Promotion of public awareness and participation in primary and secondary education; to ensure full enrolment and attendance in primary schools and its management including the attendance of the primary school teacher.

10.Public Health and Family Welfare : 

  Implementation of family welfare programmes; prevention and remedial measures against epidemics; Regulation of sale of meat, fish and other animal vaccination, Destruction of starry dogs and promotion of school health and nutritions programme. 

11.Poverty-Alleviation Programme : 

  Promotion of public awareness and participation in implementations of poverty alleviation programme for fuller employment and creation of productive assets for the community; selection of beneficiaries under various programmes including IRDP through Gram Sabha; participation in effective implementation of various schemes and monitoring thereof. 

12.Public Distribution System : 

  Promotion of awareness with regard to distribution of essential commodities and monitoring the distribution system.

13.Fisheries : 

    Development of Fisheries in village.

14.Libraries : 

  Organisation and maintenance of village library and reading rooms to enhance habit of reading. 

  The Act gives all the necessary power which are required to perform the functions of Gaon Panchayat. In order to perform its functions effectively, the Gaon Panchayat may from standing Committees e.g. Development Committee; Social Justice Committee; Social Welfare Committee.

   Each committee shall consist o not less than three or more than four members including the President and Vice-President, as the case maybe. 

Sources of finance : 

    A Gaon Panchayat has the power, with the approval of the Government, to acquire, hold and dispose of property and to enter into contract. All the public properties within the jurisdiction of Gaon Panchayat would be under its direction, management and control. Each Gaon Panchayat has the power to constitute a Gaon Panchayat Fund. 

  All the contributions, grants made by central government, State government, Zilla Parisad or Anchalik Panchayat; loans; all receipts on account of taxes, rates and fees, school, hospitals, buildings etc. 

  fines and penalties act as sources of finance for Gaon Panchayat. All the Funds should be deposited in Gaon Panchayat Fund. This Fund is kept in the custody of Gaon Panchayat Secretary. 

  Goan Panchayat may impose tax on homes; structures, trades and callings; sale of firewoods etc. 

  It may impose fees on registration of cattle sold within the local areas; license for starting tea stall, hotel, sweet  and meat stall, boats, rickshaws, fairs etc. 

   It can levy a water rate, a lighting rate etc. Gaon Panchayat is entitled to receive grants-in-aid, on the basis of recommendations of State Finance Commission. 

Budget : 

   In each year every Gaon Panchayat prepares a budget of its estimated receipts and disbursement for the following year. This budget is submitted to Anchalik Panchayat for its approval, which may approve or may make some modifications in the proposed budget within a stipulated time. 

    If the budget is not approved, the Gaon Panchayat after making required changes, submit it to Anchalik Panchayat again for its approval. 

  If it doesn't return within the stipulated time, it is considered that budget has been passed by Anchalik Panchayat. Unless the budget is passed, no expenditure can be incurred. 

Audit : 

   The audit of the accounts shall be carried out by authority prescribed by the Government and copy of audit report should be forwarded to Gaon Panchayat within one month of the completion of audit. 

  If any defect or irregularity is mentioned in the audit report, the Gaon Panchayat would find out the remedy and would submit it to Anchalik Panchayat and Directorate of Panchayat and Rural Development, Assam within three months. 

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