Write an Essay on  Floods in Assam. | Brahmaputra Floods. | Flood and Erosion problem. | 800+Words Essay. 

Floods in Assam


   Floods are rather frequent in Assam. In Assam, we get plenty of rain in the rainy season. As a result, all the big river’s, rive-lets, lakes, and steam are filled with water. At times up high above the normal level overflows the banks and submerges the area all around. Assam is the land of two mighty rivers – Brahmaputra and Barak. Each year, these two rivers and their tributaries cause floods in Assam's vast areas, leading to human misery and the devastation of nature.

Causes :

        Floods are generally caused by excessive rainfall. The normal rainwater flows down the river to the sea. But when the rain is too heavy for this, the river overflows the lands on either side. Sometimes a flood is caused by the sudden melting of large masses of snow in the mountains. Occasionally the pressure of river water breaks an embankment and the water rushes into the land on the other side. In some places, railway lines also cause a flood by obstructing the natural downward flow of water.

Frequency of floods in Assam :

         The Brahmaputra is the biggest river in Assam. Flood every year is caused mainly by the Brahmaputra. That is why it is now called the “the sorrow of Assam”. During the flood, there is water and water everywhere. Villages and towns go underwater. The 2019 Brahmaputra Floods, till July 16, affected a total of 52,59,142 people, 1,63,962.02 hectares of crop area, in 30 districts in the state of Assam.

        A flood causes great damage to life and property. Crops are destroyed, low-lying houses, particularly mud and thatched ones, tumbledown, domestic pets like cats and dogs, even cattle are swept away. Those who cannot escape in time to a high land are drowned. Some even take tree-tops or on big buildings and stay on there until they are rescued. Roads and communication links are interrupted. Vast areas of the state are turned into the sea and many parts of the state remain cut off for a long. 

       The whole country faces economic loss. The resources needed to rescue people and tackle this disaster demands a hefty amount, and the citizens lose their houses and cars which they worked all their lives for. Floods also hamper the environment. It causes soil erosion and this degrades the quality of the soil. 
       Flood does not come alone.  It carries a different kind of diseases. Flood causes wide erosion and causes the spread of communicable diseases such as cholera, typhoid, dysentery, etc. Hundreds fall victim to epidemics after the flood. There is famine everywhere. Scarcity of food and fodder causes death to man and animal respectively in villages and towns alike.

      Not only in Assam but in different parts of India floods are very common. People in different parts of the country suffer from the same miseries. Flood is a national waste of life and property.

Relief measures :

        Whenever there is a flood, people come forward to help the sufferers. Those who have lost their homes are given shelter in the houses of their fortunate fellow men or in public places like schools and colleges. There they are fed and clothed by charitable people, different philanthropic organizations, and the Government until they can manage their own affairs. Help in the forms of loans and gifts is given to build or repair the houses, purchase cattle, and cultivate the fields. 

          Indeed, it is calamities like the flood that reveal the inherent kindness and fellow-feeling of men. But relief measures cannot solve the flood problem. The chief flood control measure has been the construction of embankments along the banks of rivers in the affected areas. In recent years, India signed a treaty with China in which the latter has agreed to provide hydrological data of the River Brahmaputra during the monsoon.

       Relief work was taken up as promptly as possible. Flattened rice, gur, milk powder, and clothes were rushed in from the nearest town and distributed among those who needed them. Medical squads sent by the government took prompt steps to prevent the outbreak of any disease. Cholera inoculation was given to almost every villager, and D.D.T. and bleaching powder were spread freely to kill germs.

Conclusion :

    Though a flood is a natural calamity, steps are being taken to prevent it. Dams and canals have been constructed at different places to regulate the flow of water. Railway lines are being provided with more and more bridges so that water may pass through easily and quickly.

         It is impossible to control floods altogether. But it can be lessened and made to our use by scientific methods. An artificial flood is actually human creation. Therefore to reduce it, houses should be built scientifically along with proper urban planning. Jamming of water drains, garbage in ponds should be mitigated by proper policies and through the imposition of strict rules. During floods, lack of clean drinking water is the biggest problem. So, the Government must take the necessary steps to solve the problem. 

       Even a flood has its good effects. It washes away the accumulated filth that produced germs of various diseases. The alluvia it leaves behind fertilize the soil.

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  1. This is the best essay on flood in assam. Thanks

  2. You are most welcome and Thank you very much.....

  3. Yes it is a good essay but there are lots of mistake....
    So please correct it....!!


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