Lakshminath Bezbaruah Essay in English or Biography of Lakshminath Bezbaruah. | Lakshminath Bezbaruah Death. |

Lakshminath Bezbaruah

Lakshminath Bezbaruah is undoubtedly a bright shining star of the era of Romanticism in Indian literature. He is not only the first Assamese short story writer but also has paved the way for many aspects of Assamese literature. 

Born :

Lakshminath Bezbaruah was born in a very elite family in 1864, on 19th November during the British era.

Birth Place:

The place of his birth was Assam states Nagaon district’s Ahatguri.

Fathers Name :

Dinanath Bezbaruah.

Mothers Name :

Thaneswari Devi.

Bezbaruah’s Educational Life :

Bezbaruah took his schoolings from Sibsagar Govt. high school at Sibsagar. Lakshminath Bezbaruah spent more than 30 years in Calcutta after his matriculation in 1886. After that, he studied F.A. from city college and graduated from Arts from General Assembly’s Institutions in Calcutta. Then he took his M.A. and B.L. degree from the University of Calcutta. 


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Lakshminath Bezbaruah

Bezbaruah’s Contribution in Assamese literature :

Lakshminath Bezbaruah is undoubtedly a bright shining star of the era of Romanticism in  Indian literature. He is not only the first  Assamese short story writer but also has paved the way for many aspects of Assamese literature. 

    He was the Assamese version of the resurgence of emotions, thoughts imagination that sprouted and bloomed in different parts of India in the 19th century. 

      He has contributed eminently in the field of Assamese poetry, short story, drama, novel, essay, humorous literature, biographies, auto-biographies, memorials and journalism for an entire period between 1890 to 1938.

   Having an extraordinary command over both western and classical orientations gave him an added advantage in laying the foundation of modern Assamese literature. He had written his short stories more than a century ago.

   The environment during his time, the social structure and the people’s way of living were all different. A society undergoes marked changes with time. But it is noteworthy that despite the advance in time, several characters that appear in Bezbaruah’s stories, their dialogue and their natures are still relevant in today’s modern world. This has been one of the most outstanding characteristic features of Bezbaruah’s writings whose influence in society have only grown with time.

   Bezbaruah’s matrimonial alliance in 1891 with the ‘Kaviguru’s nice, Pragyasundari Devi, he kept striving for the development of the language and literature of his homeland.

      Bezbaruah began his literary journey with a light but good-humoured play entitled ‘Litikai’ in 1890. Gifted with versatile literary talent, he proved his proficiency as an able novelist, poet, lyricist, playwright, essayist, biographer, translator and editor. His remarkable sense of wit and humour that mingled with his literary outpourings defined a distinct class of its own. 

His Belles lettres  :

‘Kripabor Barbaruar Kakatar Topola’ (1904) and ‘Kripabor Barbaruar Ubhatoni’ (1909) Barbaruar   Bhabor Burburoni, Barbaruar Buloni generated a great deal of amusement and enlightenment among the people. 

The Age of Jonaki  :

The Asomiya Bhasa Unnati Sadhini Sabha came into being at Calcutta and in 1889 Lakshminath Bezbaruah and his associates of the famous Trimurti- Chandra Kumar Agarwalla and Hemchandra Goswami launched the celebrated monthly literary journal,  Jonaki. 

   This journal was primarily aimed at the reformation of the Assamese society, and rediscovering the wealth and beauty ingrained in Assamese tradition and folklore, and  Lakshminath Bezbaruah was the best literature of the Jonaki Age.

Poetry :

   His collection of verse entitled ‘Kadamkali published in 1913 bear ample testimony of his poetic accomplishment. 

     With his famous poems like ‘Dhanbor Aru Ratani’, ‘Priyatama’, ‘Been Boragi’ and ‘Asom Sangeet’, Bezbaruah carved his niche as a romantic poet of the first rank. 

   His song O Mor Aaponar Desh has been unanimously accepted as the anthem of Assam.  


    His novel ‘Padum Kunwari’ published in 1905 and narrated with a fragrant tinge of lyricism his replete with a strong patriotic fervour. 

Fiction :

   His collection of stories include the immensely popular ‘Burhi Air Xadhu’, ‘Kokadeuta Aru Natilora’, ‘Surabhi’, ‘Junuka’, ‘Jonbiri’ etc. published between 1909 and 1913 which still continue to enthral the young and old alike. 


  His plays like ‘Belimar’ all published in 1915, are exclusively historical depicting glorious episodes of the history of Assam. Bezbaruah’s biographies, Sankardeva (1911) and ‘Sri Sankardeva Aru Madhabdeva’ (1914) emphasised the strong roots of Assamese culture.

 His translated work, ‘Bharatbarshar Buranji’ published in 1906 bears testimony to his historical awareness and consciousness. 

    Bezbaruah edited the journal ‘Banhi’ between 1910 and 1935 and succeeded in stirring the latent creative urge in the Assamese minds and hearts.

  Bezbaruah’s creative faculty, consciousness and foresightedness were enriched by his immersion in the essence of a wide variety of literature ranging from ancient Sanskrit to the latest output from the west. 

     Regarded as the ‘Uncrowned Emperor’ of Assamese literature, Bezbaruah is honoured by a unique title ‘Rasaraj’ on 29 December 1931 by the Assam Sahitya Sabha at Sivasagar Session as a mark of recognition of his humour writing.

      In the felicitation letter by the Sahitya Sabha, the word ‘Sahityarathi was used for the first time for Bezbaruah

Death :

  After contributing a lot to the Assamese literature world, on 26th March 1938, he died in Dibrugarh at the age of seventy.  

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